Under Curzon (1899-1905), edu­cation was restricted by official control and educated persons were motivated to express loyalty to the British rule. For improving the working and prospects of Indian Universities, a commission was appointed in 1902. It was headed by Sir Thomas Raleigh. The commission’s report led to the Indian Universities Act which was passed in 1904.

Under the Act, following changes in the universities, administration were proposed.

(i) The universities were required to make provision for promotion of study and research.
(ii) The number of senators in a university shall be between 50 and 100.
(iii) A senator would normally hold office for a period of five years and not for life.
(iv) The government was to appoint most (senators in a university.
(v) The government was vested with powers to the regulations passed by the senate of a universit
(vi) The Act laid down stricter conditions of affiliation to new colleges and periodical inspection of such co by a syndicate.
(vii) The Governor-General-in-Council was emp01 to define territorial limits of a university and to decic ‘affiliations of colleges.

The Act was condemned by the nationalists for various reasons. It increased the government control ove universities by (i) empowering the government to regulations passed by a university, (ii) allowing the ernment to appoint a majority of Fellows in a univE and (iii) empowering the Governor-General-in-Council decide a university’s territorial limits and even the , ations between universities and colleges. The educat policies of Curzon, however, deserve credit for a note thy contribution-that of heralding the system of government ment grants for education. In 1902, Rupees five lakhs sanctioned on an annual basis for five years for hi education purposes.

Advertisements