To evaluate the progress achieved under the Despatch of 1854, a commission under W.W. Hunter was set up in 1882. The commission’s views, restricted to primary and secondary education, emphasised (i) the State’s role in extending primary education; (ii) literary and practical learning for secondary-level educa tion; (iii) that female education had been largely ignored; and (iv) a whole-hearted attempt to involve private enter prise in education. The couple of decades that followed witnessed great improvements in secondary and college¬≠level education, not least owing to activities of Indian philanthropists. Many institutions were set up to promote oriental and Indian learning as well. Teaching-cum-exam ining universities sprang up, an example being the Punjab University established in 1822. In 1887, the Allahabad University was founded.

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