In 1854, Charles Wood prepared a despatch on an educational system for India which came to be called the Magna Carta of education in the country. According to Wood’s scheme, the government needed to spread western educa tion through English medium for higher education. But vernacular primary schools should be set up in rural areas. Its other recommendations were a grants-in-aid system to encourage private enterprise’s involvement in education, a Department of Public Instruction in each of the five prov inces, universities in Calcutta, Bombay and Madras, teacher’s training institutions and promotion of education for women. Most of Wood’s proposals were implemented which led to westemisation of the Indian educational system.

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